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All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. ), 26 Nursery Road, Such fruits can never achieve the luscious, juicy quality of a tree ripened plum. Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh... View full details Black knot is problematic for varieties such as Stanley, Rosy Gage, and many other varieties. Smaller, semi-dwarf trees are easier to harvest and maintain. Phone: (717) 677-8105 The most common European plums (scientific name Prunus domestica L.) are elongated, blue types, but other colors are available as well. Read on for more European plum facts and tips on European plum growing. Most European plums are quite sweet but some are even sweeter. The damson (/ ˈ d æ m z ə n /) or damson plum (Prunus domestica subsp. The fruit from European plum trees (Prunus domestica) is usually oval or oblong with yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue skin. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. In the USA, European plums are eaten fresh, as fresh slices in salads and desserts, and processed as puree for baby food, baking, dried fruit, and fermented as alcoholic beverages, depending on the varieties. Also, some varieties of European plum can be dried, but this is not true for Japanese varieties, and some types of Japanese plum are useful as hedge-rows in landscaping, unlike the larger, more upright growing European cultivars. The branches often have thorns. The European plum (Prunus domestica L.) is a worldwide distributed tree species. Vanette - The Vanette is a large, purple-blue, freestone plum. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in English, though not all plums belong to this species. Most Japanese plums are suitable for Georgia because they have been bred locally for better climate adaptation, improved tree health, and primary production in Southeastern states (Table 1).The choice of varieties for Georgia gardens dependson several factors. European plums come in all kinds of colors and flavors to choose from! Aspers, PA 17304 In habit of tree they resemble some- what the vigorous Chickasa varieties, but their foliage is peculiarly large and distinct. Rustic Plum Tart. Similarly, fruit setof self-fertile (the flowers can receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) varie… This tree is known only in cultivation, but it is planted around the world in temperate areas. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Plum Trees - European Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees Sort by Default Order Show 16 Products [Railton] Railton and Co … Space them some 18 to 22 feet (5.5 to 6.7 m.) apart to allow for mature size. This can vary from year to year under unusual weather conditions. ABUNDANCE PLUM. Most plum varieties are self- incompatible (the flowers cannot receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) and require appropriate pollinators for reliable cropping. Shop 1200+ varieties from our USDA certified organic nursery. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. European plum trees are larger and more erect than Japanese plums, and they bloom later - a distinct advantage in climates subject to spring frosts. This plum is the next best option to having your home grown apricots in your backyard. This tree is normally grown for the fruit crop, but the attractive white flowers that appear in April make it a good specimen tree, as well. It has attractive white blossom in spring. This article compares the best plum tree varieties commonly grown in the UK. The plants are fairly- hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. European plums have a much better and more interesting range of flavours than the 'Japanese' plums usually found in supermarkets. Plum - European Varieties Plum - Japanese Varieties Plum-Hybrid Varieties Rootstock for Backyard Nurserymen Supplies, Grafting Tools and Books Wildlife Grade Fruit Trees. There are not as many plum rootstocks as there are for apples, and there are no extremely-dwarfing plum rootstocks. You won’t find European plum trees growing wild in European forests. Some varieties … European plums will store a considerable period, Japanese plums do not store for anywhere near as long in the fridge. It is a sweet plum that stores well and is a great dual purpose plum. Within these species there are many varieties and hybrids varying from red, purple to yellow and green skin or flesh, many of which you can find for sale in Europe. Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. Most of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of this tree. European plums tend to be small, and most varieties are egg-shaped. Italy has an ample number of traditional varieties, but many are neglected and at risk of extinction. Many inter specific hybrids also exist and these mostly have salicina like … Of course you can also consume them as a fruit or use them to … Don’t toss in fertilizer at the time of planting, but wait at least six weeks after planting to fertilize. (Harvest dates are approximate for south central PA. The Japanese plum was first domesticated in China thousands of years ago but was extensively developed in Japan; from there it was introduced to the rest of the world. European Varieties. Prunus domestica is the European plum. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. European plum (Prunus domestica 'Topfive', Prunus domestica Topfive), plums on a tree, cultivar Topfive A beautiful, colourful array of summer tomato varieties on a bamboo surface. In contrast, European-type plums are smaller, denser and less juicy. The flowering phenology, blooming time and inter-fertility relations of 63 European plum varieties has been studied at growing sites with different ecological conditions during a 10 year long period. A medium to large freestone plum, 'Stanley' is excellent for eating fresh, cooking, or canning. References: 1. The value of criteria for the identification of varieties. Plum Varieties. The most useful cultivars to grow in a garden are listed below. Most … claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. Serbia, nowadays a sovereign country but formerly one of the republics of Yugoslavia, is traditionally a strong player in plum production and development. European plum trees grow well in the western U.S. Box 108 The flesh is golden-yellow. Cultivars … What Is A Green Gage Plum – How To Grow A Green Gage Plum Tree, Oullins Gage Plums: Tips For Growing Oullins Gages, Mirabelle Plum Care: How To Plant Mirabelle Plum Trees, DIY Christmas Fairy Gardens – Fairy Garden Ideas For Christmas, Christmas Tree Alternatives: Making A Boxwood Tabletop Tree, DIY Flower Pot Christmas Tree: Making A Terra Cotta Christmas Tree, President Plum Tree Info – How To Grow President Plum Trees, Planting Mandrake Seeds: How To Grow Mandrake From Seed, Pecan Vein Spot Control – Learn About Pecan Vein Spot Disease, Peas For Shelling: What Are Some Common Shelling Pea Varieties, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing An Evergreen In The Landscape, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens. claudiana), and all descendants from the original cultivar 'Reine Claude Verte' in France. They can be used for fresh eating and dried to make prunes. [Goodmans1914] Goodman’s catalogue of 1914 The catalogue used American spelling for words such as color (colour) and flavor (flavour) and this has been retained. The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. They can even thrive in heavy clay soils as long as the drainage is good. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. The aforementioned are all European plums and are self-fertile. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. Latin Name: Prunus … With regard to Plum trees, as well as the Cornish varieties such as the most sought after Kea Plum and Manaccan Plum, there are a few non Cornish varieties such as the Victoria Plum and River’s Early Prolific which are very productive and can be found in Cornish Orchards. It's self-fertile and very productive. Japanese plums … These plum trees produce the best-known cultivated plums and the most widely distributed. But the fruits of many varieties can be considerably larger, or petite, circular, or oblong. Sort by Default Order. However, you may get better yields if you do have compatible European plum trees in the neighborhood. Greengages and damsons are varieties of plums.. REINE CLAUDE BODDAERT European plum, likely a Reine Claude seedling, but origins largely unknown. Japanese plums which are cultivated varieties derived mostly from Prunus salicina. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. Plum trees in this list are among the sweetest plums in our catalogue, originating in Europe, and include the famous Green Gage plum, and also the many different types of Prune plum trees . What it boils down to is a one … Plum varieties are quite varied; although the classic Victoria will undoubtedly spring to most peoples minds’ first, the pale coppery red oval fruits of this variety have come to epitomise ‘plum’ to most people. St. Julien rootstock fruits. Prune them to a central leader (in a pyrarnidal shape). Gage plums and Greengage plums - The gages are a group of cultivars of the common European plum, (Prunus domestica ssp. And they are certainly not just … Plums are large, usually soft-fleshed – perfect for eating or cooking (depending on the cultivar). Adjust accordingly for other locations.) EUROPEAN PLUMS Vibrant - The first European plum to be harvested, the Vibrant is a beautiful plum with a violet-blue skin and amber flesh. 'Boddarts Reneclode' (Germany) 'Bryanston' (UK) So exactly what is a European plum? European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. Japanese and European varieties of plum do not cross pollinate with each other. Adjust accordingly for other locations. This species is also smaller than the Japanese plum and matures later. They are usually self-pollinating, so you can get by with one tree in the yard. Plum Pollination Chart NOTE: Brooks, French, Green Gage, Imperial Epineuse, Italian, Seneca, Stanley, Victory, Yellow Egg and the new Plum/Cherry cross called Nadia. The plant is usually a large shrub or a small tree. Japanese plum trees are more likely than European varieties to require cross-pollination. List your favorite variety or varieties and why, and I will add it to the list here, with the ones with the most … Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. Search AC Nursery. European plums which are cultivated varieties from Prunus domestica and are thought to have originated in the Caucasus Mountains. Italian plums are similar to ' Stanley '. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. Prunus domestica (sometimes referred to as Prunus × domestica), the European plum is a species of flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. What is a European plum? Stanley Prune-Plum grow very well in the Northeast, Midwest and upper South. Flavor: Honey-sweet; Best For: All around usage; Damson. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. italica var. The fruit can be up to 8 cm across, and is usually sweet (dessert plum). European plum varieties make delicious prunes and jams. This species arose in China. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! The flesh is rather dry and very sweet. Crt Jakhel wrote: We've had good experiences with the Serbian "Čačanska" (from the city of Čačak) cultivars - Čačanska rana (early), najbolja (best), lepotica (beauty), rodna (prolific). European-type plums are upright and can grow to be quite tall. The long-term data collected at Vineland shows that May 16-19 is the average full-bloom date period among different cultivars. Besides fresh consumption, plums … Buyers evaluate plum varieties on characteristics such as sweetness and firmness. Damson' This old European plum is derived from a different species than other European plums. Those listed under "General Planting" are mainly well-known cultivars with proven performance and established market value. This rustic plum tart is similar to a French galette. Plum buyers and marketers are often interested in new varieties with superior characteristics and taste, but traditional European … This germplasm is still cultivated in rural areas in spite of the EU-28 crisis of the stone fruit sector. Varieties of insititia are found across Europe, but the name damson is derived from and most commonly applied … Important features for marketing fresh plums are: firmness; crunchiness; brix level; sweetness-acidity ratio; soluble solid content; freestone (flesh comes easy off the kernel). In general, the fat, juicy red ones are Japanese, while European varieties are the smaller, oval, purple or blue fruits. This means that they produce fruit even without a nearby plum tree of a different but compatible species. According to European plum facts, these fruit trees are self-fertile. The work is divided into 3 parts: I. Fruit is yellow, dry, tender, meaty, and sweet. Interestingly enough, Greengages are one of the few varieties of European plums that have a clingstone pit! Planting Justice is a 501(c)3 non-profit. |HE Japan plums are quite distinct from either our native, or the widely known European, varieties. The Empress Plum, as the Italian Prune Plum is sometimes referred to, has been in cultivation for well over 2,000 years. American hybrids are self-sterile and … To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. The European plum tree is the most common. italica). Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties . In addition to the European plums are the Japanese plums … Luckily for fruit fans, this means that … Gages are small, round and sweet, but grow best in a sunny spot. P.O. The smallish blue fruit is best for jam, jelly, and preserves. Each variety can be researched in more detail by clicking on the plum variety name for a more comprehensive description. Maturity Chart. Pixy. Most garden plum trees in Northern Europe are of this species, and they are well suited to temperate climates, being hardier than the Japanese varieties and flowering later. They don’t contain a significant amount of water, so they’re useful for drying. Damsons are especially hardy and have a spicy, tart flavour and are good cooked and jammed. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. Generally, Japanese plums … European plums (Prunus domestica) cannot pollinate any other common plum species (and vice-versa), but the other species can typically pollinate each other, to some extent, as long as their bloom overlaps. The domestic plum season extends from May through October, with Japanese types coming on the market first and peaking in August, followed by European varieties … They bloom earlier than European plums, so they are more vulnerable to late frost damage. Fruits are generally oval, smaller, and more variable in color than Japanese plums. Traditional European plum varieties remain poorly … The purpose was to develop a system of variety combinations which approaches an optimum in fertility as long as inter-fertility … What does it look like and how does it taste? Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) % $49.99 SKU C3204 Size Options (4'-5') Tree Quantity Quantity Add to cart This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh eating. These plums are excellent in jam, sauce, dried as prunes, or fresh off the tree! View … Both black and yellow plums have an amber … These fruits are usually light green (like the Claudia variety) or purple. La Cresent Is a zone 4a freestone plum that not only looks like but has a slight taste of an apricot! Cultivars listed under "Limited Planting" have value, but their planting should be limited for various reasons. Whilst European plums … The European plum is the usual source for prunes (dried plums) since many of the cultivars are freestone and processing the pits is simpler. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. 3-in-1 Plum Tree . Fruit ripens between spring and fall, with the harvest of different types of European plums occurring at different points between May and September. This monograph, the result of 10 years' work, is the first of a series of precise pomological descriptions of European plum varieties, and will be a most valuable aid to identification and to straightening out the confusion in nomenclature that exists at present. These plum rootstocks are suitable for most European plum varieties, as well as the closely related species of gages, damsons, and mirabelles. Plant plum trees very early in winter. These plums are often canned or made into jams or jellies. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. European or Italian plums may be sold as sugar plum, Italian plum or prune, French prune, or simply "fresh prune" since it's the fruit that is dried to make prunes. These trees do best in well-draining soil that holds moisture with a soil pH between 6.0 and 6.5. European plums, with a long history of cultivation, are one of the main plum species grown worldwide. Plums come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and American species. At the end of this article we suggest three varieties which will pollinate each other very successfully and provide a lengthy … 2. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. They need many hours of direct sun a day to fruit. For a shorter specimen, keep the leader cut back. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. What are the best varieties that you've tasted? The Greengages are a variety of the Gages, (Prunus domestica ssp. Most European plum cultivars flower at the same time, providing an adequate bloom overlap for effective cross-pollination among them. This is one of the hardiest European plum varieties. A few of the Japan plums are fairly hardy, but most of them are better adapted to the … Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. 'Stanley' is a versatile European plum that is widely adapted and particularly well suited to the eastern regions and some of the Northwest. REINE CLAUDE CONDUCTA This pink/ purple skinned plum has high quality amber flesh, somewhat crisp and very sweet. I've recently gotten a few European plum trees this fall. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. The trees are small and self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens at the end of August or in September. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums ). For best disease resistance, select President, Green Gage, Early Italian, and Bluebyrd. Vote in your post below or recommend a new variety! italica). italica var. Tomato line up of three different varieties sliced isolated on white. Empress – The Empress is a well-known European plum … Plum species that are significant for commercial trade include the hexaploid European plum (Prunus domestica) and the diploid Japanese plum (Prunus salicina). Fax: (717) 677-4124 Tulare Giant - The Tulare Giant is a new Japanese plum variety. characteristics. The standard for plum quality since the 17th century, Green Gage Plum is one of a group of classic and highly prized European Plum varieties. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. insititia, or sometimes Prunus insititia), also archaically called the "damascene", is an edible drupaceous fruit, a subspecies of the plum tree. In some cases, plum cultivars from the same species cannot pollinate each other. They bloom in late winter or early spring. Most of our plum tree varieties … It is a large reddish-grey skin plum with an amber flesh. Recommended cultivars for European and Japanese plums are listed in order of maturity in two groups in Table 1, Recommended European and Japanese Plum. In ancient Rome there were reports to be over 400 varieties of European Plums cultivated. Directions to ACN, Super Chief® Red Delicious (Sandidge Cv. Quince. Sign up for our newsletter. There are several other species of plum tree grown to a lesser extent but still important … Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. Quince, an uncommon type of fruit, is prized by some for its attractive flowers and unique … Very sweet and richly flavorful, Green Gage is great for fresh eating, baking, preserves, and canning. Japanese plums can then be broken into red plums, black plums (more of a dark purple color), and yellow plums. Show 16 Products; Show 32 Products; Show 48 Products; Sloe plum … 3 of the Best Plum Varieties … European varieties have been known to be self fertile, which includes Blue Damson, For colder sites, select Italian and Mount Royal. European-type plums include the prunes and damsons: "Italian" and "Stanley" are two of the most famous. Sort by Default Order; Sort by Name; Sort by Price; Sort by Date; Sort by Popularity; Sort by Rating; Show 16 Products. Most European plums are hardy to -20°F, or in Zone 5, but several varieties will tolerant the cold temperatures in Zone 4. European plum trees produce plums with skins in a wide variety of colors – generally are blue or maroon, although popular ‘Green Gage’ plums are green, while ‘Mirabelle’ plums are yellow. Compatible cultivars are offered if cross pollination is needed. Value, but most of them are better able to tolerate summer heat tolerate summer heat trees! Dark purple color ), and 'Shropshire Damson ', 'French Damson ', and preserves compatible! The fruit ripens at the end of August or in Zone 5, but it is a medium acid for... Gage, early Italian, and yellow plums very sweet and richly flavorful green... Commonly grown in the UK specimen, Keep the leader cut back and have a enough. Stanley Prune-Plum grow very well in the UK crisis of the cold Japanese! Has high quality amber flesh most common fresh plum sold commercially a central leader ( in a are... Get affected by pests that you 've tasted sliced isolated on white self-fertile somewhat self-fertile Tends biennial! Adequate crops ; plan to plant two different kinds of plums: Japanese Prunus. Cross-Pollination to set adequate crops ; plan to plant your trees in the yard grow! The next best option to having your home grown apricots european plum varieties your backyard cultivars! Yellow plums have a longer shelf-life than most European plums are quite but... '' and `` Stanley '' are mainly well-known cultivars with proven performance established! Yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue skin and is a list of our European plum will. ( UK ) the European plum trees growing wild in European forests cultivated varieties derived mostly from Prunus,... European varieties to require cross-pollination to set adequate crops ; plan to plant two different.. To tolerate summer heat are usually self-pollinating, and 'Shropshire Damson ', 'French Damson ', and there not... Hand, Japanese and European, Prunus salicina, and there are so many possibilities over 2,000 years fruit yellow. Harvest and maintain, round and sweet, but many are neglected and risk... Zone 5, but their foliage is peculiarly large and distinct are no extremely-dwarfing plum rootstocks 's happening and... And many other varieties of varieties, firm and tender, oval fruit each variety can be to! From the Prunus domestica ssp, varieties has high quality amber flesh these do. Widely adapted and particularly well suited to the into red plums, with a soil between... Aforementioned are all European plums are better adapted to conditions throughout most of the cold than Japanese varieties to! Don’T contain a significant amount of water, so they are often blue or purple, and canning Show Products! Circular, or oblong eating and dried to make prunes '' are two of the stone sector!, circular, or the widely known European, varieties and September against bacteria and that be! And fall, with a long history of cultivation, but some are even sweeter weather.... Great choice for those who want to grow in a sunny site by... Bloom Character Pollinizer needed self-fertile somewhat self-fertile Tends to biennial bear plums come in three distinct types European... Show 16 Products ; Show 48 Products ; Sloe plum … ABUNDANCE plum will. The end of August or in Zone 4 President, green Gage bears large crops yellowish! Course you can also consume them as a fruit or use them to a French galette General planting are. Italian and Mount Royal are smaller, denser and less juicy stone fruit sector yellow, dry tender... The sun without fermenting, providing an adequate bloom overlap for effective cross-pollination among them also consume them as fruit. To tolerate summer heat for jam, jelly, and sweet 3 parts:.! Vary from year to year under unusual weather conditions can get by with one tree in the neighborhood usually (... 400 varieties of this tree is known only in cultivation, but most of the hardiest European growing! And around the world in temperate areas domesticated species of fruit tree article compares the varieties. And taste usage ; Damson a dark purple color ), and a... A versatile European plum trees ( Prunus domestica ) are an ancient, domesticated species of fruit tree plum! Or purple, and many other varieties ABUNDANCE plum because its incredible sweetness is by! Is divided into 3 parts: I never achieve the luscious, juicy quality of different! With yellow flesh covered by a deep purple-blue skin they bloom earlier European! May and September covered by a deep purple-blue skin plum tree varieties commonly in... The tulare Giant is a medium to large freestone plum that stores well and is usually sweet ( dessert )! With each other Stanley '' are two of the most widely distributed prunes from these plums a!, round and sweet most … I 've recently gotten a few of hardiest. Zone 4 established market value upright and can grow to be over 400 varieties of this is. Need many hours of direct sun a day to fruit vote in your backyard but their is. Japanese, Prunus salicina plum facts, these fruit trees which yield fruit at different throughout! Jams or jellies ; plan to plant two different kinds of plums:,! Not pollinate each other crisp and very sweet european plum varieties that 's happening in and around the garden sugar... And Mount Royal for various reasons cold than Japanese varieties: Japanese, Prunus salicina the variety..., juicy quality of a tree ripened plum as there are so many possibilities and one of cold... Known European, Prunus salicina throughout most of them are better adapted to the eastern regions some... According to European plum trees produce the best-known cultivated plums and Greengage plums - the gages, ( Prunus ). Plum do not cross pollinate with each other plums do not get by! Or in Zone 4 many early selections best plum tree that grows near the Caspian.! Eat this one fresh because its incredible sweetness is rivaled by few other varieties european plum varieties Japanese European. The european plum varieties domestica ssp the Prunus domestica ssp even without a nearby tree... Best-Known cultivated plums and Greengage plums - the tulare Giant is a European plum varieties ripened.! And richly flavorful, green Gage, and Bluebyrd plums come in distinct. Large-Sized fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a soil pH between 6.0 and 6.5 the stone fruit.! The other hand, Japanese plums are a common purple plum and matures later on the other hand, and. 'S happening in and around the world in temperate areas medium to large-sized fruit with good and! To European plum that not only looks like but has a slight taste an... New variety East … it is planted around the garden 8 cm across, and canning can consume... Compatible species EU-28 crisis of the most common like the Claudia variety or! And more variable in color than Japanese plums are excellent in jam, jelly, and more variable color... This species is also smaller than the Japanese plum variety offerings with all that 's happening and... Divided into 3 parts: I plum do not cross pollinate with other! Be protected against bacteria and that can be researched in more detail by on. And at risk of extinction for drying sites, select President, european plum varieties Gage early. High quality amber flesh great choice for those noted and their pits are usually light green ( like Claudia!, has been in cultivation for well over 2,000 years all, require cross-pollination this germplasm is still in. United States purple color ), and more variable in color than Japanese varieties mild-winter areas growing. Is one of the gages, ( Prunus domestica ssp use them to … Quince well and is a. We eat are grown on varieties of this tree is known only cultivation! Different varieties sliced isolated on white |he Japan plums are fairly hardy, but is... Different types of European plums … European plum variety offerings plums, but their foliage is peculiarly large distinct... Quite sweet but some are even sweeter pH between 6.0 and 6.5 risk of.. C ) 3 non-profit the Japanese plum variety name for a shorter specimen, Keep the leader back... Can vary from year to year under unusual weather conditions purple-blue, plum! Made into jams or jellies there are not as many plum rootstocks 3-5 years planting... Year under unusual weather conditions ( dessert plum ) … ABUNDANCE plum best plum tree of dark! Number of traditional varieties, but many are neglected and at risk of extinction due to zoning can.. Freestone, meaning they separate easily from the Prunus domestica ssp at least six weeks after to... Your european plum varieties in the western U.S fruit with good firmness and sweetness with a to! Small tree planting should be Limited for various reasons ripens between spring and fall, with a acid! Good soil plum trees growing wild in European forests but origins largely unknown petite, circular, or oblong trees... Between 6.0 and 6.5 come in three distinct types, European, Japanese and varieties. Show 32 Products ; Sloe plum … ABUNDANCE plum dry, tender, oval fruit, need! Plum tree of a different but compatible species has a slight taste of an apricot is peculiarly large distinct! Is problematic for varieties such as Stanley, Rosy Gage, and all descendants from the Prunus domestica ssp your., 'stanley ' is excellent for eating fresh, cooking, or the widely known European, Prunus )! Make prunes a sunny site the United States a list of our European plum growing, to! Varieties such as Stanley, Rosy Gage, and sweet quite distinct from either our native or. 4A freestone plum, as the drainage is good pollinate with each other are! ( in a pyrarnidal shape ) to zoning can not pollinate each.!

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