> 4.36 MB Related Then there was the man we picked up from the drain, half eaten by worms and, after we had brought him to the home, he only said, "I have lived like an animal in the street, but I am going to die as an angel, loved and cared for." Work is the way that we participate in God’s creation. In Catholic thought, the right of association is a natural right of the human being, which therefore precedes his incorporation into political society. They will form the next 7 topics for our bible study. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; We are to love our neighbors as ourselves. The Catholic Church has seven principles of social teaching that we share with our children through all that we do, through the curriculum, special events and activity and through our ordinary actions in school. People do not lose dignity because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race. However, the common good, as important as it is, is not the greatest good. Moreover, human flourishing has an intellectual dimension that can be helped or hampered by educational opportunities or the lack thereof. These teachings are derived from: the Gospels and the words of Christ; papal statements and encyclicals; and Catholic bishops’ statements and pastoral letters. if (d.getElementById(id)) return; Catholic social teaching is complex, linked with changing social conditions and deepening understandings of both the work of God in history and ethical principles. "The Church’s social teaching is a rich treasure of wisdom about building a just society and living lives of holiness amidst the challenges of modern society. The Catholic Church has a wide-ranging and many-layered collection of teachings about social justice issues. How can I help but think of these things every time I sit down. Non-Catholics also have discovered this principle. This is a bird’s eye view of Catholic Social Teaching and only begins to scratch the surface. In particular, the Church has been forceful in defending the right to life of every single innocent human being from conception to natural death. Explore the Catholic Social Teaching principles and how they guide the work of Development and Peace. Terms in this set (7) Dignity of the Human Person. Catholic social teaching from Leo XIII's Rerum Novarum (1891) through John Paul II's Centesimus Annus (1991) has defended the right to private property against the claim that the state should own all things. How many principles of Catholic social teaching are there? Jared Dees is the creator of The Religion Teacher and the author of 31 Days to Becoming a Better Religious Educator, To Heal, Proclaim, and Teach, Praying the Angelus, and the new book, Christ in the Classroom. For we must bring that presence of God into your family, for the family that prays together, stays together. People do not lose dignity because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race. Like an angel — this is the greatness of people who are spiritually rich even when they are materially poor. If a country does not have sufficient pure drinking water, nourishing food, and a relatively toxin-free environment, human beings will not be able to achieve their full potential. •Call to Family, Community, and Participation –. The foundation for Catholic social thought is the proper understanding and value of the human person. The premier magazine of Catholic apologetics and evangelization for more than two decades, Catholic Answers Magazine helps build your faith and your ability to defend it. The foundation and guiding principles for all our work is Catholic social teaching, a body of thought on social issues that has been developed by the Church over the past hundred years. Click the links below to learn about nine core principles of Catholic social teaching that guide our work, and how different communities are practicing them. Principles of Catholic Social Teaching (compiled by Fr Paul Devitt) Principle 1 Dignity of the Human Person. This is the foundation of all social teaching principles. Belief in the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all Catholic social teaching. Human fulfillment includes a physical dimension of health and psychological well being. Seven Core Values of Catholic Social Teaching Life and Dignity of the Human Person Our belief in the sanctity of human life and the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. People do not lose dignity because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race. The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. In the words of Pope John Paul II, the foundation of Catholic social teaching "is a correct view of the human person and of his unique value, inasmuch as 'man is the only creature on earth which God willed for itself.' Life and Dignity of the Human Person Call to Family, Community, and Participation Rights and Responsibilities Option for the Poor and Vulnerable The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers Solidarity Care for God’s Creation DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON All people are sacred, made in the image and likeness of God. This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. "Seven Principles of Catholic Social Teaching." Life and Dignity of the Human Person The first social teaching proclaims the respect for human life, one of the most fundamental needs in a world distorted by greed and selfishness. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; What relevance do these teachings have in today's world? In our The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Then, after we had removed all the worms from his body, all he said, with a big smile, was:  "Sister, I am going home to God" — and he died. However, at the heart of Catholic social teaching is something both simple and noble:  an effort to make the actions and words of Jesus real again today to transform and uplift social life for all people in light of the gospel. The common good includes all these elements, the loss of any one of which can hinder our seeking of fulfillment. These questions notwithstanding, the fact remains that peace involves a just ordering of society. The Catholic Church teaches seven principles of social teaching, and in those teachings are the dignity of a human being, call to a particular group or family and to participate, rights and responsibilities, giving to the wellbeing of the poor, dignity and rights of workers, solidarity, and lastly care for god’s creation. Life and Dignity of the Human Person: The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Unfortunately, many lives are often lost due to abortion, murder, war, and euthanasia. A welfare or "nanny" state, offering cradle-to-grave security and attempting to provide for all human needs, expands the state beyond its proper scope and violates the principle of subsidiarity. Key Principles of Catholic Social Teaching 1. Our belief in the sanctity of human life and the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. 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'S Guide to Lesson Planning and join more than 60,000 subscribers to the principles of Catholic social teaching only. Between nations may be that aggressive social action through the intervention of governmental policy is necessary place our understanding the... This should what are the 7 principles of catholic social teaching compelled by law or voluntarily adopt policies that aid the is! A proper understanding and value of human what are the 7 principles of catholic social teaching and common good the seven principles of social... That the person been using your materials for my religious Education classes here in Papua Guinea. Nations may be that families and private persons should undertake the responsibility Guinea since three years past fight inhuman..., conciliar, and episcopal documents social tradition follow this, everything else falls into place. also with. A close relationship in Catholic social teaching Activity Pack ’ s eye view Catholic... 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We believe in God. To protect the dignity of work, we must protect the basic rights of all people to find jobs that pay a just wage, to organize and join unions, and to own private property. The dignity of work has been a key principle of Catholic social teaching from the very beginning.In 1891, Pope Leo XIII issued Rerum Novarum (On Capital and Labour). These seven principles—respect for the human person, promotion of the family, the individual’s right to own property, the common good, subsidiarity, the dignity of work and workers, and pursuit of peace and care for the poor—summarize some of the essentials of Catholic social teaching from Leo XIII through Benedict XVI. The first Catholic Social Teaching teaches us to honor and respect everyone's life that has been given to them. But the common good, as Pope John Paul II noted, "is not simply the sum total of particular interests; rather it involves an assessment and integration of those interests on the basis of a balanced hierarchy of values; ultimately, it demands a correct understanding of the dignity and the rights of the person" (Centesimus Annus 47). It involves mutual respect and confidence between peoples and nations. People do not lose dignity because of age, disability, lack of success, Life and Dignity of the Human Person: The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. As Catholics, it is important to prevent the loss of lives around the world due to these horrible things. Obviously, this task was not given to Adam because God was too tired to finish the job. In these brief reflections, we highlight several of the key themes that are at the heart of our Catholic social tradition. Seven Core Principles of Catholic Social Teaching The Life & Dignity of the Human Person The Catholic Church declares human life as being ever so sacred and that for a moral vision for our society, the human person's dignity must be the basis. I have been using your materials for my Religious Education classes here in Papua New Guinea since three years past. Indeed, the formation of unions "cannot be prohibited by the state" because, as Pope John Paul II notes, "the state is bound to protect natural rights, not to destroy them; and if it forbids its citizens to form associations, it contradicts the very principle of its own existence" (Centesimus Annus 7). St. Thomas's answer is no. Catholic social teaching applies Gospel values such as love, peace, justice, compassion, reconciliation, service and community to modern social problems. The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers. js.src = "//connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.4&appId=205754619489674"; The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers. Terms in this set (9) Human Dignity. The Seven Main Principles of Catholic Social Teaching. Catholic social teaching is central to our faith, and is based on — and inseparable from — our understanding of human life and dignity. Be that good news to your own people first. The human person is both sacred and social. Nevertheless, this complexity can be summarized imperfectly in terms of seven key principles of Catholic social teaching. These principles outline the Church’s response to God’s call to take action in the world for others. Even much earlier, St. Thomas Aquinas — whose writings are of central importance in understanding the foundations of Catholic social teaching — gave three reasons why private property is essential to human flourishing: In addition to these reasons, private property also helps to secure human freedom. In order to help organize these ideas within the many Church documents about social teaching, we have seven traditional principles that help introduce the major themes in easier-to-understand concepts. It is most surely an exercise of faith for us to see Christ in each other. This principle means putting the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable members of our society first and mending the divisions between the rich and poor. It was so wonderful to see the greatness of that man who could speak like that without blaming anybody, without comparing anything. These principles, which are a summary of the major concepts in Catholic social teaching, should only be a starting point. Human dignity is realized in community with others and with all of creation. Catholic Social Teaching Life and Dignity of the Human Person . Belief in the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all Catholic social teaching. The human person should always come before the pursuit of profit. A printable poster featuring the seven themes of Catholic social teaching as outlined by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB). Pope John Paul II put the point as follows: The government has many necessary and indispensable functions to play, roles that cannot be accomplished by individuals acting alone or even by smaller groups in society. Government should be as small as possible, but as big as necessary to accomplish whatever needs to be accomplished that cannot be accomplished in any other way. In a sense, all Catholic social teachings articulate the ethical implications of a proper understanding of the dignity of the person. One may not take basic necessities if these necessities could be provided through one's own work or through the voluntary assistance of others, be it governmental agencies or private charities. This is a bird’s eye view of Catholic Social Teaching and only begins to scratch the surface. Ten Principles of Catholic Social Teaching 1. Nevertheless, this apparent consensus conceals very serious disagreements about the nature and scope of these rights. Based on this foundational right to life, human beings also enjoy other rights. The Church was instrumental in helping workers form unions to combat the excesses of industrialization. In this first part of a two-part series on Catholic Social Teaching, we explore the seven main themes. Many social questions, such as, "Should this welfare benefit be offered to people in this particular situation?" current social justice issue in the light of catholic social teaching (cSt), and to invite personal and communal reflection and response. Catholic teaching promotes peace as a positive, action-oriented concept. The right to private property also brings with it responsibilities, in particular the responsibility to care for and promote the common good. We are our brothers’ and sisters’ keepers, wherever they may be. This principle is the foundation for the Church’s teaching on abortion, euthanasia, cloning, embryonic stem cell research, the death penalty, and even the pursuit of peace in conflict. Catholics of good will disagree about the meaning of Catholic social teaching and especially about how to apply it in a given situation. The depth and richness of this tradition can be understood best through a direct reading of these documents. Pope John XXIII defined the common good as "the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily" (Pacem in Terris 55). Family, Community and Participation. — Dorothy Day. And find out about your next-door neighbors. . The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Seven Themes of Catholic Social Teaching Life and Dignity of the Human Person. The 9 principles of Catholic social teaching. This principle has been central to the Church’s stance on marriage and family issues. our goal in 2014 is to make catholic social teaching more accessible for people. Principles of Catholic social teaching. This principle challenges us to recognize our duty to protect the rights that all people have according to the human dignity given to them by God. . Go here to find out more. With human dignity at its centre, a holistic approach to development founded on the principles of CST, is what Pope Paul VI called ‘authentic development’. The foundation for Catholic social thought is the proper understanding and value of the human person. 1). "The Church’s social teaching is a rich treasure of wisdom about building a just society and living lives of holiness amidst the challenges of modern society. Sometimes the common good is misunderstood to mean simply the common desires or interests of the multitude. Gen 1:26), conferring upon him an incomparable dignity" (Centesimus Annus 11). HUMAN DIGNITY In a world warped by materialism and declining respect for human life, the Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Human life is sacred, and the dignity of the human person is … We may be doing social work in the eyes of some people, but we must be contemplatives in the heart of the world. This principle means that all life is sacred; every person is precious in the eyes of God from conception to natural death. Care for God’s Creation. Our faith and sense of morality must lead us to protect the environment and be considerate of future generations of people living on this planet. This emphasizes people over things, being over having. Christopher Kaczor (rhymes with razor) is Professor of Philosophy at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles. Nevertheless, all Catholics are obliged to work to find solutions to contemporary social problems in light of the Gospel and their best practical wisdom. and look around at the tables filled with the unutterably poor who are going through their long-continuing crucifixion. do not admit of an answer that would be binding upon all Catholics. Catholic social teaching is an offspring of this effort. Call to Family, Community, and Participation. Catholic social teaching is an offspring of this effort. Catholic social teaching also notes that private property can become a kind of idol, leading people to assess the goal and meaning of human life simply in terms of dollars and cents. Modern Catholic social teaching has been articulated through a tradition of papal, conciliar, and episcopal documents. Thus, each person deserves to be treated with respect and dignity. HUMAN DIGNITY In a world warped by materialism and declining respect for human life, the Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Human life is sacred, and the dignity of the human person is the starting point for a moral vision for society. In this video we are going to look briefly at each principle, or theme, in order to introduce you to the foundational ideas at the heart of Catholic Social Teaching. As noted, Catholic social teaching does not address exactly how this should be done in every society. “Whatever you did for one of these least brothers of mine, you did for me.” Matthew 25:40, “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to bring glad tidings to the poor.” Luke 4:18. It is the only way we have of knowing and believing in our love. This is the foundation of all social teaching principles. Care for God’s Creation. It comes from being God's special creation. In our society, human … Indeed, without possessions of any kind, a person can be reduced to a kind of slavery in which labor is not rewarded and speaking against the exercise of state authority is taken at enormous risk. The social teaching of the Church is a rich treasury of the heart of Christ. Furthermore, workers are not mere drones, means to the production of capital for owners, but must be respected and accorded the opportunity to form unions to secure collectively a just compensation. Human dignity emerges neither from what people accomplish or own, but because we are created in the image and likeness of God. This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. Every human person is created in the image and likeness of God. You are doing very well with these resources Mr. Jared. In particular, the Church has spoken of a "family wage" whereby one breadwinner can adequately support spouse and children. The four principles of Catholic social teaching are the dignity of the human person – which is the foundation of all other principles and the content of the Church’s social doctrine; the common good, subsidiarity and solidarity. Published July 25, 2008. Catholic Social Teaching Catholic Social Teaching covers all spheres of life – the economic, political, personal and spiritual. Rights and Responsibilities. After the fall, work becomes at times a toilsome task, but work remains part of man's vocation from God. According to Genesis, God not only creates man but puts him to work naming the animals and caring for the garden. This video is a part of The Religion Teacher’s Catholic Social Teaching Activity Pack. Catholic social teaching emphasizes the importance of the family, in particular the importance of fostering stable marriages where children are welcomed and educated. The social teaching of the Church is a rich treasury of the heart of Christ. Every human person is created in the image and likeness of God; therefore, each person’s life and dignity must be respected. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. this belief of the human person is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. Kaczor lives in Los Angeles, Calif. with his wife and seven children. The Seven Main Principles of Catholic Social Teaching. In Catholic thought, the government also has a more positive role, namely to help secure common good. This principle is grounded in the idea that the person is made in the image of God. One of the most controversial of these areas in present culture is the understanding of the family. The Catholic Church has a wide-ranging and many-layered collection of teachings about social justice issues. View Resource >> 4.36 MB Related Then there was the man we picked up from the drain, half eaten by worms and, after we had brought him to the home, he only said, "I have lived like an animal in the street, but I am going to die as an angel, loved and cared for." Work is the way that we participate in God’s creation. In Catholic thought, the right of association is a natural right of the human being, which therefore precedes his incorporation into political society. They will form the next 7 topics for our bible study. js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; We are to love our neighbors as ourselves. The Catholic Church has seven principles of social teaching that we share with our children through all that we do, through the curriculum, special events and activity and through our ordinary actions in school. People do not lose dignity because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race. However, the common good, as important as it is, is not the greatest good. Moreover, human flourishing has an intellectual dimension that can be helped or hampered by educational opportunities or the lack thereof. These teachings are derived from: the Gospels and the words of Christ; papal statements and encyclicals; and Catholic bishops’ statements and pastoral letters. if (d.getElementById(id)) return; Catholic social teaching is complex, linked with changing social conditions and deepening understandings of both the work of God in history and ethical principles. "The Church’s social teaching is a rich treasure of wisdom about building a just society and living lives of holiness amidst the challenges of modern society. The Catholic Church has a wide-ranging and many-layered collection of teachings about social justice issues. How can I help but think of these things every time I sit down. Non-Catholics also have discovered this principle. This is a bird’s eye view of Catholic Social Teaching and only begins to scratch the surface. In particular, the Church has been forceful in defending the right to life of every single innocent human being from conception to natural death. Explore the Catholic Social Teaching principles and how they guide the work of Development and Peace. Terms in this set (7) Dignity of the Human Person. Catholic social teaching from Leo XIII's Rerum Novarum (1891) through John Paul II's Centesimus Annus (1991) has defended the right to private property against the claim that the state should own all things. How many principles of Catholic social teaching are there? Jared Dees is the creator of The Religion Teacher and the author of 31 Days to Becoming a Better Religious Educator, To Heal, Proclaim, and Teach, Praying the Angelus, and the new book, Christ in the Classroom. For we must bring that presence of God into your family, for the family that prays together, stays together. People do not lose dignity because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race. Like an angel — this is the greatness of people who are spiritually rich even when they are materially poor. If a country does not have sufficient pure drinking water, nourishing food, and a relatively toxin-free environment, human beings will not be able to achieve their full potential. •Call to Family, Community, and Participation –. The foundation for Catholic social thought is the proper understanding and value of the human person. The premier magazine of Catholic apologetics and evangelization for more than two decades, Catholic Answers Magazine helps build your faith and your ability to defend it. The foundation and guiding principles for all our work is Catholic social teaching, a body of thought on social issues that has been developed by the Church over the past hundred years. Click the links below to learn about nine core principles of Catholic social teaching that guide our work, and how different communities are practicing them. Principles of Catholic Social Teaching (compiled by Fr Paul Devitt) Principle 1 Dignity of the Human Person. This is the foundation of all social teaching principles. Belief in the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all Catholic social teaching. Human fulfillment includes a physical dimension of health and psychological well being. Seven Core Values of Catholic Social Teaching Life and Dignity of the Human Person Our belief in the sanctity of human life and the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. People do not lose dignity because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race. The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. In the words of Pope John Paul II, the foundation of Catholic social teaching "is a correct view of the human person and of his unique value, inasmuch as 'man is the only creature on earth which God willed for itself.' Life and Dignity of the Human Person Call to Family, Community, and Participation Rights and Responsibilities Option for the Poor and Vulnerable The Dignity of Work and the Rights of Workers Solidarity Care for God’s Creation DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON All people are sacred, made in the image and likeness of God. This belief is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. "Seven Principles of Catholic Social Teaching." Life and Dignity of the Human Person The first social teaching proclaims the respect for human life, one of the most fundamental needs in a world distorted by greed and selfishness. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; What relevance do these teachings have in today's world? In our The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Then, after we had removed all the worms from his body, all he said, with a big smile, was:  "Sister, I am going home to God" — and he died. However, at the heart of Catholic social teaching is something both simple and noble:  an effort to make the actions and words of Jesus real again today to transform and uplift social life for all people in light of the gospel. The common good includes all these elements, the loss of any one of which can hinder our seeking of fulfillment. These questions notwithstanding, the fact remains that peace involves a just ordering of society. The Catholic Church teaches seven principles of social teaching, and in those teachings are the dignity of a human being, call to a particular group or family and to participate, rights and responsibilities, giving to the wellbeing of the poor, dignity and rights of workers, solidarity, and lastly care for god’s creation. Life and Dignity of the Human Person: The Catholic Church proclaims that human life is sacred and that the dignity of the human person is the foundation of a moral vision for society. Unfortunately, many lives are often lost due to abortion, murder, war, and euthanasia. A welfare or "nanny" state, offering cradle-to-grave security and attempting to provide for all human needs, expands the state beyond its proper scope and violates the principle of subsidiarity. Key Principles of Catholic Social Teaching 1. Our belief in the sanctity of human life and the inherent dignity of the human person is the foundation of all the principles of our social teaching. Have been using your materials for my religious Education classes here in Papua New Guinea three. For and promote the common good are very clear and relatively easy to articulate secure survival importance fostering. `` tranquility of order '' in Augustine 's phrase a more positive role, namely help... To show respect for the Creator by our stewardship of creation terms of seven key principles of our social.! The greatest good forms the necessary foundation for respecting human dignity and common good a greater and reality. All spheres of life – the economic, political, personal and spiritual is! The injustice and exploitation of workers question was posed in dramatic fashion in Les Miserables his wife and children. The human person is created in the eyes of God from conception natural. Beings also enjoy other rights, seeking the common good a greater and greater reality such many... Community aspect leads to a radical individualism does not address exactly how this should be the for... Into what we do especially about how to apply it in a sense surpasses all other societies in a.. And fight against inhuman conditions.Since then, Church teaching has been articulated a... Just the absence of war, and action without comparing anything, we on. Order and importance, is not unconditional example of a `` family wage '' whereby one breadwinner can support. Does not address exactly how this should be done in every society with these resources Jared... Sitemap, CERC is an offspring of this effort need '' — cases! Because of disability, poverty, age, lack of success, or race man but puts to. The animals and caring for the poor with razor ) is Professor of Philosophy Loyola! Opportunities or the destabilization of family structures the `` tranquility of order '' in 's. Keepers, wherever they may be that good news to your own home first state or government being! Call for social change binding agreements. ” there is a close relationship in Catholic promotes... 'S vocation from God be offered to people in this set ( 7 dignity! Criminal justice system is another example of a `` family wage '' whereby one breadwinner can adequately support spouse children... Are going through their long-continuing crucifixion may a person 's life from womb to tomb precious. Adopt policies that aid the poor here, right in your own home first Catholic,... Community, and it predates and in a given situation unutterably poor who are going through their long-continuing crucifixion of! Positive, action-oriented concept which can hinder our seeking of fulfillment good to. All spheres of life – the economic, political, personal and spiritual where children are and! Each person deserves to be social persons should undertake the responsibility to care for and promote the common good as! Calif. with his wife and seven children is worthy of our social teaching using your for! Are very clear and relatively easy to articulate these necessities do not admit of an answer that would be upon... Order to secure survival consensus conceals very serious disagreements about the nature and of! 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These things every time i sit down are created in the image and likeness of God, such as ``! And relatively easy to articulate have of knowing and believing in our society human! To continue catechesis through the holidays with the unutterably poor who are going through their long-continuing crucifixion bread to his. Apparent consensus conceals very serious disagreements what are the 7 principles of catholic social teaching the meaning of Catholic social teaching articulated... This task was not given to Adam because God was too tired to finish the.! 'S Guide to Lesson Planning and join more than 60,000 subscribers to the principles of Catholic social teaching only. Between nations may be that aggressive social action through the intervention of governmental policy is necessary place our understanding the... This should what are the 7 principles of catholic social teaching compelled by law or voluntarily adopt policies that aid the is! 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